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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 16(1); 2014 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2014;16(1):19-29.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2014.16.1.19     Published online January 31, 2014.
Effects of Specific Exercises on Sensory Organization and Dynamic Balance in Female Athletes
Hyung-Min Yoon, Jung-Sok Oak, Woo-Young Park
Dankook University
Correspondence:  Woo-Young Park,
Email: golterea@hanmail.net
Received: 2 September 2013   • Accepted: 18 January 2014
Abstract

INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of figure skating and gymnastics on the development of sensory organization, and dynamic balance.
METHOD
The examinee for the study included 10 female middle school students, 10 female figure skaters, and 8 female gymnasts. Applying EquiTest, the study were analyzed by equilibrium, the sensory analysis, and the balance strategy for sensory organization among dependent variables and testing dynamic balance, it conducted a functional reach test.
RESULTS
The results of the study were as follow: In the case of condition 1(with the eyes open) for the equilibrium score, the athletes group showed a higher score than the control group. And especially, the gymnastic was significantly higher than figure skaters. While there was little statistical significance in the result of the sensory analysis, it turned out that somatosensory was used the most in all three groups. In the case of balance strategy, the athletes tend to adopt a using ankles strategy rather than their hip strategy. Especially, in condition 2(with the eyes closed), there was a significant difference among the groups, and the result of post test showed a significant difference between the average student group and the gymnastic group. Regarding the dynamic balance, figure skaters and gymnastic showed little differences, but the athletes group was significantly higher than control.
CONCLUSION
As was shown above, the result showed the predominance not only of sensory organization but also dynamic balance by specific exercises. Therefore, it was considered that specific exercises contribute significantly to the development of the athletes’sensory organization and dynamic balance.
Keywords: equilibrium score, sensory ratio, balance strategy, dynamic balance


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