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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 16(2); 2014 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2014;16(2):21-30.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2014.16.2.21     Published online May 1, 2014.
Effects of Combined Exercise on HbA1c, Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors, and Physical Fitness in Elderly Women with Type 2 Diabetes Mellius
Seol-Jung Kang, Bu-Ho Ryu
Changwon National University
Changwon City Jinhae Public Health Center
Correspondence:  Seol-Jung Kang,
Email: sjkang803@hanmail.net
Received: 5 February 2014   • Accepted: 19 April 2014
Abstract

INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of combined exercise on HbA1c, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and physical fitness in elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellius.
METHOD
Participants were randomly assigned exercise group(n=8), and control exercise group(n=8). The exercise group performed for 60 min(consisting of aerobic exercise for 30 min and resistance exercise 30 min) per day, for 3 day per, 8 weeks. HbA1c, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and physical fitness were measured before and after 8 weeks from each groups.
RESULT
First, The weight, %fat, waist circumference, fasting blood glucose, and HbA1c were significantly decreased after exercise program. Second, The systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, and LDL-cholesterol were significantly decreased after exercise program. HDL-cholesterol were significantly increased after exercise program. But C-reactive protein were no significant difference after exercise program. Third, The physical fitness(VO 2 max, muscle strength, and muscle endurance) were significantly increased after exercise program.
CONCLUSION
Combined exercise program has beneficial effects on HbA1c, cardiovascular disease risk factors, and physical fitness in elderly women with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Keywords: Combined exercise, Elderly diabetes mellitus, HbA1c, Cardiovascular risk disease factors, Physical fitness


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