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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 16(3); 2014 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2014;16(3):27-38.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2014.16.3.27     Published online July 31, 2014.
Soccer Participants’ Perceptions of Transfer Effects of Baduk
Se-Young Kim, Byoung-Jun Kim
Myongji University
Inha University
Correspondence:  Byoung-Jun Kim,
Email: kimbj@inha.ac.kr
Received: 28 February 2014   • Accepted: 19 July 2014
Abstract
PURPOSE
The current study examined soccer participants’ perceptions of transfer effects of baduk. The responses from the participants were categorized into positive and negative transfer effects.
METHOD
A total of five current soccer players who had certain level of baduk training or capability participated. A qualitative research design, phenomenology (Colaizzi, 1978), including unstructured in-depth interviews, was adopted.
RESULT
Participants perceived techniques, physical fitness, mental skills, and strategies as main contributors to soccer performance. They felt some differences between soccer and baduk. Soccer was viewed as a team-oriented open activity which looks for possibilities, while baduk a individual-oriented closed skill which focuses on ‘accuracy’. They felt that strategy, relativity, applicability, attentional ability, analysis and decision making were common characteristics for both soccer and baduk. Analytic ability, comprehension ability, and mental skills were ranked as top elements that learned from baduk training and contributed to positive transfer toward soccer performance. Before competition, major positive transfer factors included comprehension of strategies, imagery ability, and effort. During competition thoughtful play, outlook, concentration, winning spirit, perseverance, and rational thoughts were considered as positive transfer factors. Physical fitness was perceived as an element of negative transfer.
CONCLUSION
Some psychological and strategic attributes gained from baduk training were found to be facilitators of positive transfer to soccer performance. The results was discussed in terms of their implications for future research on impacts of perceived transfer on actual performance in soccer or other sports.
Keywords: Baduk, soccer, transfer, positive transfer, negative transfer
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