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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 18(3); 2016 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2016;18(3):51-63.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2016.18.3.51    Published online August 30, 2016.
Association of Physical Activity with Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Mexican-American Immigrants with Type 2 Diabetes
Ranjita Misra, Soon-Mi Choi, Julio Guerrero, Sukho Lee
West Virginia University
Midwestern State University
Texas Woman's University
Texas A&M University-San Antonio
Correspondence:  Sukho Lee,
Email: slee@tamusa.edu
Received: 27 July 2016   • Accepted: 20 August 2016
Abstract
PURPOSE
Mexican-Americans have higher rates of Type-2 Diabetes (T2D), and cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., impaired glucose tolerance, hyperinsulinemia, obesity, and physical inactivity) as compared to Non-Hispanic Whites. This study investigated the effects of physical activity on cardiovascular risk factors and dietary habits in Mexican-Americans with T2D.
METHODS
Eighty three participants with T2D (male: 15, female: 68), aged 51.1 ± 9.6 years, were grouped by physical activity level: physically active (PA, n=47) and physically inactive (PIA, n=36). Survey data was collected via face-to-face interviews by ethnically similar interviewers; anthropometric characteristics and cardiovascular risk factors were also measured.
RESULTS
Physically active T2D Mexican Americans had significantly lower systolic blood pressure (OR 1.08; 95%CI 1.02-1.14) and waist-to-hip ratio (OR 0.04; 95% CI 0.01-0.64), and lower consumption of bread and tortillas (OR 0.14; 95% CI 0.02-0.93) as compared to the PIA group, after controlling for lipids, dietary habits, and fasting glucose in the logistic regression model.
CONCLUSIONS
Physically active Mexican-Americans with T2D tend to have fewer cardiovascular risk factors than their inactive peers.
Keywords: Type 2 Diabetes, Mexican-Americans, physical activity, cardiovascular risk factor, dietary habits


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