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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 19(1); 2017 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2017;19(1):27-34.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2017.19.1.27    Published online January 30, 2017.
Effects of Sasang Constitution on Isokinetic Muscular Function.
Tae-Won Kim, Seung-Hun Han, Young-Kyu Kwon, Jung-Jun Park
Pusan National University Sport Science
Hyosung City Hospital
Pusan National University School of Korean Medicine
Correspondence:  Jung-Jun Park,
Email: jjparkpnu@pusan.ac.kr
Received: 27 December 2016   • Accepted: 21 January 2017
Abstract
PURPOSE
To investigate if Sasang-constitution types affect isokinetic muscular strength and endurance of shoulder and knee joints in male and female college-aged students.
METHODS
Subjects were 99 sedentary with no experience in resistance exercise for the past 6 months. They were divided into Taeemin (n=15), Soyangin (n=52) and Soemin (n=32) constitution by QSCC II. Isokinetic muscular strength of shoulder and knee joints was determined by peak torque, muscular endurance by total work, and power by total work/time. All measurements were expressed as absolute (N·m), relative value to total body weight (N·m/kg), and relative value to muscle weight (N·m/muscle kg). Data was analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation analysis.
RESULTS
For muscular strength, only absolute values of the internal rotation in the shoulder joint were significantly different among Sasang-constitution types. In both men and women, Taeemin had a significantly (p<.05) higher value than Soyangin and Soemin, but there was no significant difference between Soemin and Soyangin. However, relative values of shoulder and knee muscular strength were not different among Sasang-constitution types. Neither muscular endurance nor power showed any difference among Sasang-constitution types in both men and women for either absolute or relative values. As expected, muscular strength, endurance, and power were significantly (p<.001) and positively correlated with total body and muscle weight. These results were not related to gender differences.
CONCLUSIONS
The results of this study indicate that isokinetic muscular strength, endurance, and power of shoulder and knee joints are not generally affected by Sasang-constitution types, which was consistent after adjusting for total body weight and muscle weight.
Keywords: sasang-constitution, isokinetic muscular function, muscular strength, muscular endurance, muscular power


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