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The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2009;11(2):73-83.
Published online July 30, 2009.
The Effects of Balance Exercises on Functional Ankle Stability with Ankle Sprained Patients
Seung-Hye Cha, Jong-Shin Kim
KyungWon University
Dankook University
Correspondence:  Jong-Shin Kim,
Email: boramok@hanmail.net
Received: 2 June 2009   • Accepted: 15 July 2009
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of balance exercises on functional ankle stability in patients with ankle sprains. Twenty four subjects were divided into 3 groups: two exercise groups (BAPS board exercise group; trampoline exercise group) and one control group, each group consisted of 8 subjects. All subjects performed the Romberg test and Star excursion balance test (SEBT) before and after the balance training. The results of the Romberg test showed the time of measurement and interaction-effect were significant on the uninvolved side (p<.01, p<.05). The time of measurement was significant for the involved side (p<.01). The results of the SEBT test showed that lateral, posterolateral, and posterior directions were significant in the time of measurement on the uninvolved side (p<.05, p<.01, p<.001), and also posteromedial and medial directions were significant in the time of measurement and interaction-effect on the uninvolved side (p<.01, p<.001). Anterior and medial directions were significant in the time of measurement (p<.05, p<.001), posterolateral and posteromedial directions were significant in the time of measurement and interaction-effect (p<.05, p<.01), and anteromedial was significant in the interaction-effect on the involved side (p<.05). The results suggest that a rehabilitation program for patients with lateral ankle sprains should include proprioceptive and comprehensive functional balance exercises in order to improve functional stability of the ankle after lateral ankle sprains.
Keywords: balance training, functional ankle instability, ankle sprain


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