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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 15(2); 2013 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2013;15(2):81-91.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2013.15.2.81    Published online April 30, 2013.
Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Insulin Resistance, C-reactive Protein, and Physical Fitness in Middle-aged Women with Metabolic Syndrome
Jong-Hyu Kim, Jung-Cheol Noh, Seol-Jung Kang
WooSuk University
Seongkyunkwan University
Changwon National University
Correspondence:  Seol-Jung Kang,
Email: sjkang803@hanmail.net
Received: 28 February 2013   • Accepted: 20 April 2013

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, and physical fitness in middle-aged women with metabolic syndrome.
Participants were randomly assigned combine exercise group(n=10), and control exercise group(n=10). The exercise group performed for 60 min(consisting of aerobic exercise for 30 min and resistance exercise 30 min) per day, for 3 day per, week for 12 weeks. Metabolic risk factor, insulin resistance, C-reactive protein and physical fitness were measured at before and after 12 weeks from each group.
First, The metabolic syndrome risk factors(weight, %fat, waist circumference, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, triglyceride, and HDL-Cholesterol) were significantly improved after 12 weeks exercise program. Second, The blood glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR were significantly decreased after 12 weeks exercise program. Third, The C-reactive were significantly decreased after 12 weeks exercise program. Fourth, The physical fitness(VO 2 max, muscle strength and muscle endurance) were significantly increased after 12 weeks exercise program.
Combined exercise program has beneficial effects on insulin resistance, C-reactive, and physical fitness in middle-aged women with metabolic syndrome.
Keywords: Aerobic and resistance exercise, Metabolic syndrome, Insulin resistance, C-reactive protein, Physical fitness


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