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Asian J Kinesiol > Volume 17(4); 2015 > Article
The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2015;17(4):9-20.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.15758/jkak.2015.17.4.9    Published online November 30, 2015.
Effects of Aerobic, Resistance, Balance Exercise Program on Skeletal Muscle Index, Functional Fitness, and Health-Related Quality of Life in Frail Elderly Women.
Seol-Jung Kang, Joung-Hyu Kim, Kwang-Jun Ko
Changwon National University
Woosuk University
The Catholic University of Korea
Correspondence:  Seol-Jung Kang,
Email: sjkang803@hanmail.net
Received: 21 September 2015   • Accepted: 14 November 2015
Abstract
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of aerobic, resistance, balance exercise program on skeletal muscle index, functional fitness, and health-related quality of life in frail elderly women.
METHODS
The subjects were comprised of 18 frail elderly women(exercise group, n=9; control group, n=9). The exercise program performed the aerobic exercise(20 minutes), resistance exercise(20 minutes), and balance exercise(10 minutes) a day, 3 days per week, for 12 weeks. The changes of body composition, fitness, health-related quality of life(SF-36) were measured and analyzed at pre- and post- exercise program for verifying the exercise effectiveness.
RESULTS
In body composition body weight(p<.01), and % fat(p<.001) were significantly decreased, but skeletal muscle mass and skeletal muscle index were not changed. In functional fitness, VO 2 max(p<.01), grip strength(p<.001), arm curl(p<.001), chair sit to stand(p<.001), back scratch(p<.05), and chair sit & reach(p<.01) were significantly increased and timed up & go(p<.01) were significantly decreased. In SF-36, physical functioning(p<.01), body pain(p<.001), general health(p<.001), role-emotional(p<.05), and mental health(p<.01) were significantly increased.
CONCLUSIONS
These findings suggest that combination of aerobic, resistance and balance exercise program showed the beneficial effects on functional fitness and SF-36 in frail elderly women.
Keywords: exercise program, frail elderly women, skeletal muscle index, functional fitness, health-related quality of life


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