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The Official Journal of the Korean Academy of Kinesiology 2009;11(3):61-83.
Published online October 30, 2009.
Mechanism and Risk Factors of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injuries in Female Athletes
Ki-Hoon Han, Bee-Oh Lim
Inha University
Seoul National University
Correspondence:  Bee-Oh Lim,
Email: imabo@korea.com
Received: 30 July 2009   • Accepted: 5 October 2009

Anterior cruciate ligament(ACL) injuries occur during sports such as soccer, basketball and handball in which cutting or landing maneuvers are frequently performed. These injuries are more common in female athletes. The purpose of this study were to investigate the mechanism and risk factors of ACL injuries in female athletes.
Several theories have been proposed to explain the mechanism underlying the gender difference in ACL injury rates. These theories include the intrinsic variables of anatomical, hormonal, neuromuscular, and biomechanical differences between genders and extrinsic variables(physical and visual perturbations, bracing, and shoe-surface interaction). 70% of ACL injuries were non-contact and 30% were contact injuries.
Identification of both extrinsic and intrinsic risk factors associated with the ACL injury mechanism may help with the development of preventive training programs aimed at reducing ACL injury.
Keywords: Anterior Cruciate Ligament(ACL), injury mechanism, biomechanics, female athletes


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